The Carismatic Generator utilizes the Steam System Heat Exchanger for creating steam for powering its turbine. This is a Rankin Cycle type system.
After studying the different type of steam process available on the market, The inventor of the Carismatic Generator, Daniel Caris, determined that the Rankin cycle steam system is the one that best suits the needs of the Steam System Heat Exchanger in the Carismatic Generator.
Steam systems have been in use for a very long time. But in 1859, a Scottish engineer, William John Macquorn Rankine, advanced the study of heat engines by publishing the “Manual of the Steam Engine and Other Prime Movers”. Rankine developed a complete theory of the steam engine and indeed of all heat engines. The Rankine cycle was named after him and describes the performance of steam turbine systems, though the theoretical principle also applies to reciprocating engines such as steam locomotives. In general, the Rankine cycle is an idealized thermodynamic cycle of a constant pressure heat engine that converts part of heat into mechanical work. In this cycle the heat is supplied externally to a closed loop, which usually uses water (in a liquid and vapor phase) as the working fluid.
One of the major advantages of the Rankine cycle is that the compression process in the pump takes place on a liquid. By condensing the working steam to a liquid (inside a condenser) the pressure at the turbine outlet is lowered and the energy required by the feed pump consumes only 1% to 3% of the turbine output power and these factors contribute to a higher efficiency for the cycle.
Today, the Rankine cycle is the fundamental operating cycle of all thermal power plants where an operating fluid is continuously evaporated and condensed. It is the one of most common thermodynamic cycles, because in most of the places in the world the turbine is steam driven.